Lawrence A. Pile was a staff member and Director of Cult Education and Research for Wellspring Retreat and Resource Center initially of Albany, Ohio, and later of Athens, Ohio, from May 1988 to 2005. He is currently retired, and conducts workshops for Wellspring as needed on a voluntary basis. His duties have included preparing and conducting workshops on a wide variety of spiritual and practical issues and topics designed to help people who have suffered abuse as members of high-control, destructive organizations and relationships, including spiritually abusive churches. The type of abuse suffered was always emotional and spiritual, often physical, sexual, and financial. The goal of the workshops is to help victims/survivors come to an understanding of what happened to them, how it happened to them, and how to move on with their lives. Larry has written for Wellspring’s newsletter and journal (now no longer published), as well as other periodicals. He has written an on-line book about Great Commission Association of Churches (Marching to Zion – accessible through www.gcmwarning.com).